Business information: UK withdrawal from the EU - Brexit

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The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, known within the UK as the EU referendum, took place on 23 June 2016. This page lists some of the resources that provide information on the process and progress of the UK leaving the EU, commonly referred to as "Brexit". It is by no means comprehensive as it was compiled as a "Top Tips" by people attending workshops I recently ran on the topic. The resources are good starting points for information on Brexit and include the official UK Parliament page showing the progress of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill through Parliament. As I am running more workshops soon, I am sure that it will be updated a few times before the Bill is finally enacted.

EU referendum results

EU referendum results

The voting areas for the EU referendum were not the parliamentary constituencies. There were 382 voting areas across twelve regions using the same boundaries as used in European Parliamentary elections with votes counted at local authority level. In England the 326 local government districts included unitary authorities, metropolitan boroughs, all shire districts, the London boroughs, the City of London and the Isles of Scilly. Gibraltar counted as part of South West England. Northern Ireland was a single voting area, in Scotland the 32 Scottish councils were used as voting areas as were the 22 Welsh Councils in Wales.

Electoral Commission EU referendum results
The Electoral Commission is the independent body that oversees elections and regulates political finance in the UK. This page shows the voting totals and results by region and by area within that region. You can download the results data in full as a CSV file. There are also links to results visualisations, information on grants to designated lead campaigners, the Electoral Commissions assessment of the EU referendum question and their recommended amendment, and the voting guides.

EU Referendum Results - BBC News
The BBC referendum results page and linked pages presents the same information as the Electoral Commission but in a slightly different way. There are links to the BBC news stories and videos on and around the date of the referendum.

Results of the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016 - Wikipedia,_2016
Another page showing the voting results in a variety of ways but in addition this one has links at the end to external sources reporting on the run up to the referendum and local press articles some of which show a breakdown of the results by ward.


Brexit: research and analysis - UK Parliament
"Research and analysis from Parliament's libraries and committees on how leaving the EU will affect different policy areas in the UK".
Brexit email alerts on updates and new content are available.

Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU - BBC News
Background information on the what has happened so far, what is happening now, what has been agreed and what needs to be agreed. There is also a long list of FAQs (frequently asked questions), many of which cannot be answered yet but some possibilities are discussed.

The Guardian - Weekly Brexit Briefing
A very useful summary and update from The Guardian newspaper on what has been happening over the past week. You can sign up to receive the briefing by weekly email and there is also a weekly Brexit Means podcast.

General News Search

If you are interested in seeing articles that represent a wider range of viewpoints and opinions, run a search on Brexit in Google News and Bing News . As well as the national and regional UK papers, these will also pick up stories appearing in the press in other countries.


Article 50
Article 50 is the clause in the European Union's (EU) Lisbon Treaty that outlines the steps to be taken by a country wishing to leave the EU. As well the text of Article 50, this article gives some background to the drafting of the article and debate in the UK that surrounded the legal processes needed to trigger it. See also the Investopedia article on Brexit

European Union (Withdrawal) Bill 2017-19 - UK Parliament
Use this page to monitor the progress of the Bill through Parliament and see related documents such as:

  • Full text of the Bill as introduced and further versions of the Bill as it is reprinted to incorporate amendments (proposals for change) made during its passage through Parliament.
  • Tracked changes versions of the Bill
  • Explanatory Notes
  • Full list of amendment papers relating to the Bill.
  • Public Bill Committee and report stage proceedings
  • House of Commons Library and House of Lords Library briefing papers
  • Will write letters (Questions put to government Ministers during debates on Bills may be answered by the Minister saying 'I will write to the Hon Member'. “Will write” replies are not published in Hansard but are placed in the Library of the House concerned and published on the Parliamentary website.)

Alerts on changes to the page, stage reached by the Bill, and new documents are available by email and RSS.


Blog | UK Constitutional Law Association
Affiliated to the International Association of Constitutional Law. The UKCLA blog provides analysis and comment on matters of constitutional law in the UK. Not suprisingly, many of the current blog postings cover some aspect of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill.

The Brexit Blog
"Analysing Brexit as it develops". Written by Chris Grey, Professor of Organization Studies at Royal Holloway, University of London and previously a professor at Cambridge University and Warwick University.

Jack of Kent blog
"News and comment on law and policy, from a liberal and critical perspective". Written by David Allen Green who is a legal commentator at and a former legal correspondent of the New Statesman. Currently posting mainly about Brexit.

Public Law for Everyone – Professor Mark Elliott
Another source of comment and analysis on the EU (Withdrawal) Bill. Written by Mark Elliott, Professor of Public Law at the University of Cambridge, a Fellow of St Catharine's College, Cambridge, and Legal Adviser to the House of Lords Select Committee on the Constitution. The views expressed on this blog are in a purely personal capacity.

Additional resources

Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies
A reading list from the House of Commons Library bringing together briefings on Brexit by the Parliamentary libraries and the Devolved Assembly research services with reports by Parliamentary and Devolved Assembly committees. Note that this is a list of links to resources and not a summary of the content of the briefings. There are over 40 pages covering various issues, policy areas and industry sectors. Published 31 January 2018.

Brexit Update - Parliamentary Business: Scottish Parliament
Regular updates (PDF newsletter) by the Scottish Parliament's Information Centre (SPICe) on the UK's exit from the EU. Email alerts are available. There is also a timeline showing the "key events in relation to the United Kingdom's departure from the European Union along with the Scottish Parliament's engagement with the process". Links to Brexit related official reports, documents and SPICe publications mentioned in the timeline are provided.

Brexit: Securing Wales' Future |
The White Paper ‘Securing Wales' Future' was launched by the Welsh Government in January 2017. Additional documents have since been published and all are available for download via this page.

Brexit and NI
Information and links to resources on Brexit and Northern Ireland compiled by the Northern Ireland Assmebly's Research and Information Service (RaISe). There is a reading list, a calendar of upcoming Brexit related events and Brexit Research Publications. The Brexit Hubs and Blogs page is especially useful as it includes valuable academic and business resources that might otherwise be missed.

Brexit – Second Reading
Second Reading is the blog of the the House of Commons Library, which is an independent research and information service publishing research and analysis on topical issues and legislation. Not surprisingly, Brexit is one of the topics covered. You can sign up by topic to receive eamil alerts every time new research is published.

Brexit: research and analysis - UK Parliament
Research and analysis from the UK Parliament's libraries and committees on how leaving the EU will affect different policy areas in the UK. Email alerts for updates to the page are available.

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